dual power supply - adjustable 1.25v to 30v using lm317 & lm337

dual power supply


Dual power supply

The dual power supply name suggests the whole idea about systems, where it produced two output, here we use lm317 and lm337 regulator ICs which is to build the dual power supply circuit.


What is a dual power supply….????

In electronic term dual power supply means, the supply used to provide two supply terminals such as positive and negative. At Circuits like op-amp based amplifiers, both negatively and positively powered supply is a must for inverting and non-inverting part of the op-amp.

Circuit wish dual power supply is the same as a normal rectifier but the only difference is its positive and negative terminal had a common ground, this is the reason why both these terminals act like a dual-sided power supply.

Applications like amplifiers nature of the audio signal are always include two parts due to this, the negative and positive side of the input signal must have to amplify separately, in such case dual power supply is used.

 

In some particular circuits normal power supplies are not apt for the operation, more specifically op-amp ICs need these dual power supplies.


In this article we explain the variable dual power supply circuit, we need a constant output from this circuit, for that we use 78xx, 79xx regulator ICs. But our project is to build a bench of power supply for our common use.


At its output, we have 1.25v to 30v dc supply with 1.5amp maximum current.


LM317

dual power supply





LM317 is an adjustable voltage regulator IC, thus a constant output is taken from it by placing a fixed value resistor with the Lm317 IC.


dual power supply



This is a simple dual power supply circuit consists of LM317 regulator IC as the main component, normally a dual power supply build with two blocks with a positive and negative block.

LM317 regulator IC will be working as a positive block, thus LM317 regulator ICs input pin 3, output pin2 and adjustable pin1, so input connected to pin3, it regulates voltage using adjustable pin1 which is connected to variable resistor RV1 and R1 resistors, variable resistor vary output voltage start from 1.5v to 30v, and the values selected for the RV1 resistor is 4.7k or 5k. C1 capacitor is used to further filtration of output.

Proteus based circuit simulation video is included with this article, it is much useful for those who wish to build the circuit. 





LM337

dual power supply



LM337 regulator IC also has the same features as LM317, but this particular IC had an extra feature to make the negative voltage at the output, this is the reason why we use LM337 IC here at this circuit.


dual power supply


LM337 based regulator circuit acts negative block at the circuit, which is to provide negative supply voltage at the dual power supply. A negative block consists of the same components as a positive block but the pin indications will change as pin3 input, pin2 output, and pin1 for adjusting.

 

LM337 regulator circuit input section is just opposite of positive block, so the input voltage will reverse its polarity, thus the output voltage produced is negatively charged, and this is how negative output is generated at the circuit.



CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

dual power supply


CIRCUIT EXPLANATION

At the input stage we convert 230v ac into 18-0-18 AC and then convert AC to DC using BRIDGE IC, after the rectifier section, we remove ripples with C1 and C2 capacitors.


LM317 regulator provide +ve voltage supply

LM337 regulator provide –ve voltage supply


RV1 variable resistor has to adjust to varying +VE supply

RV2 will be adjusted to make –ve supply variation


The transformer had to set a maximum of 1.5amp current, is because of maximum output current delivered by IC is also 1.5amp.  


components


Category

Quantity

References

Value

Capacitors

2

C1-C2

4700uF

Capacitors

4

C3-C4,C7-C8

0.1uF

Capacitors

2

C5-C6

10uF

Capacitors

2

C9-C10

100uF

Resistors

2

R3-R4

220R

Integrated Circuits

1

U1

LM317T

Integrated Circuits

1

U2

LM337T

Miscellaneous

1

BR1

BRIDGE

Miscellaneous

1

J1

INPUT

Miscellaneous

1

J2

OUTPUT

Miscellaneous

2

RV1-RV2

4.7k

 

PCB


dual power supply

dual power supply

dual power supply

dual power supply



 


 At this article, we include circuit diagrams and component list, if you want a PCB layout, pdf and protest files for to build a circuit, you had an option to comment us mention your email address, for to get files which are more reliable and simply designed.

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